What vitamins a child needs in spring
Vitamins necessary for the normal growth and development of the child are mainly supplied to our body from food. They protect babies from the negative effects of the environment, help resist infections and stimulate the immune system. Of course, hypothetically, parents are able to build a diet for their child, adhering to which it will be possible to get a “vitamin set” exclusively from food. To do this, vegetables, fruits, sour-milk products, cereals, meat, fish, poultry and much, much more should appear daily in the peanut menu. Monotonous nutrition, even with a very high nutritional value, cannot provide the baby with the whole spectrum of nutrients. In general, given the modern lifestyle, the quality of products sold in our stores, and the dubious environmental situation as a whole, it is unlikely that it will be possible to do without special "vitamin" supplements.
What and how much
When choosing vitamins for a child, the main thing is to pay attention to age-related recommendations for their use. Experts at the Nutrition Institute believe that complexes with 50% vitamin content have an exclusively supportive effect on the children's body, and those that contain a 100% daily rate completely eliminate the existing deficiency of active substances. Therefore, if a child has no problems with appetite, and his diet is quite diverse and well balanced, then it will be quite enough for him to receive an additional 50% of the total daily intake. But if the heir is often ill and eats poorly, then he needs one hundred percent vitamin support.
How is vitamin deficiency
Vitamin deficiency, that is, a condition when the body is insufficiently provided with certain substances, is subdivided into 3 forms: vitamin deficiency, hypovitaminosis and reduced vitamin supply.
Vitamin deficiency refers to the almost complete depletion of the body's vitamin resources, often accompanied by the onset of symptoms of scurvy, pellagra and other diseases.
Hypovitaminosis is characterized by a sharp (but not complete) decrease in vitamin A reserves in the body and is accompanied by a loss of appetite, mild apathy, and rapid fatigue. In the case of a reduced supply of vitamins, a slight violation of certain physiological reactions occurs: if the baby does not have enough, say, riboflavin, he may complain that his eyes have become very tired, and if the child often catches a cold, then most likely he experiences vitamin D deficiency
Causes of vitamin deficiency in preschoolers:
- diet low in vitamins
- the destruction of vitamins during cooking or improper storage of products
- unbalanced, monotonous nutrition
- religious bans
- health disorders of normal intestinal microflora, which must independently produce a number of vitamins
- congenital or acquired malabsorption of vitamins (this leads to problems with the intestines or liver)
- infectious diseases; Conflict interaction of vitamins with prescription drugs
Most often, vitamin deficiency is manifested by a decrease in immunity during the spread of influenza or colds. But in addition to this, parents should think about the lack of active substances in the child’s diet, if a calm and hardworking baby suddenly began to have difficulty concentrating or for no apparent reason ceased to cope with the usual physical activities.
How to find out that there are too many vitamins
Hypervitaminosis, that is, an overdose of vitamins, is extremely dangerous for the child's body. There are two forms of hypervitaminosis: acute (poisoning with an excessively large dose of vitamins taken at one time) and chronic (prolonged use in excess).
Here are the symptoms of hypervitaminosis caused by an overdose of certain types of vitamins:
- hypervitaminosis A - headache, vomiting, drowsiness, photophobia and convulsions (in rare cases). Carotenosis may develop;
- B6 hypervitaminosis - numbness of hands and feet, redness of the face and neck, burning of the skin, dizziness
- hypervitaminosis D - in infants vomiting, decreased appetite, poor weight gain (or its reduction); preschoolers have headaches, weakness, sometimes arrhythmia and cramps
- hypervitaminosis C: increased systolic blood pressure, redness of the face and neck, skin burning, dizziness, abdominal pain, sometimes nausea and diarrhea
6 popular questions about vitamins
6 popular questions about vitamins
- When is it better to take vitamins - before, during or after a meal? The best option is immediately after a meal, in this case the absorption of nutrients is much more effective.
- Do I need to adhere to a certain time for taking vitamins? It is best to take them in the morning to provide the body with everything you need for the whole day.
- When to wait for the effect of taking vitamins? Vitamin prophylaxis is manifested in a decrease in the incidence and increased resistance to adverse external factors. But you should not expect a quick effect: useful substances must accumulate in the body in sufficient quantities.
- Do I need to consult a doctor before drinking vitamins? Just a must! Firstly, a specialist will recommend you a reliable and trusted manufacturer, and secondly, he will help you choose a vitamin complex based on the needs of your child.
- Does a vitamin release form play any role? Indeed, vitamin preparations are available in a variety of forms - there are a variety of tablets, capsules, powders, syrups and chewable pastes on sale, but not all of this list is suitable for kids! For example, for children under the age of five, tablets or capsules are excluded. They need liquid forms of vitamins - syrups or special powders diluted in water. But starting from 5 years old, a child can safely swallow tablets or chew pastilles.
- How long should I drink vitamins? Almost year-round. In principle, you can refuse them only for three summer months, and even then only if your child is not sitting in the city, spends a lot of time outdoors and eats a balanced diet.
What vitamins are responsible for
C (ascorbic acid)
Increases the body's resistance, protects against viral and bacterial infections, weakens the effects of allergens, accelerates the healing of wounds and burns.
It is necessary for the nervous system, stimulates the brain, promotes growth, increases the body's defenses, stimulates the gastrointestinal tract
Participates in growth processes, provides normal light and color vision, affects blood formation, is responsible for the health of the skin, nails and hair
It is necessary for the normal development of the central nervous system, supports immunity, prevents rapid fatigue
Participates in fat metabolism, increases the acidity of gastric juice, supports immunity
Prevents the development of anemia, stimulates the growth of the child, helps improve appetite and memory
Essential for normal protein synthesis and the production of new skin, hair and blood cells
Improves digestion and vision, regulates the nervous system and brain
Reduces the severity of eczema and dermatitis; required for the synthesis of ascorbic acid
It is responsible for the healing of inflammation, increases the body's resistance to various infections, improves attention, promotes the growth and strengthening of bones, preserves the health of the skin, hair and teeth
Participates in the regulation of calcium and phosphorus metabolism, ensures normal bone growth and density, and in combination with vitamins A and C prevents colds
Prevents internal bleeding and hemorrhage, accelerates wound healing, provides the body with energy and helps bones absorb calcium