Bulb plants for the garden: all about planting
The optimal time is the period from early October to early November. The bulbs manage to form a well-developed root system, which allows them to withstand the approaching cold. It is best to plant bulbs immediately after purchase. If you bought them in advance, you can store the bulbs for a couple of weeks in dry and cool (10-15 ° C) conditions on a closed shelf.
Spring flower bulbs should be planted before the first frost. They cannot be stored in the refrigerator or on the windowsill.
Periods of aging
Flower bulbs are good because they can be grown both as annuals and as perennials. So, if you do not dig out the bulbs after flowering and leave them light for the winter, they will bloom the next year. Their number will increase in conditions of good lighting and drainage. But over time, they lose their color and varietal features, which means that they will have to be updated.
Where to plant bulb plants for the garden
Mostly in a sunny place, in areas that are never flooded.
- Directly into the lawn in large groups, removing a piece of turf, loosening the soil and turning the turf into place.
- Between shrubs and large perennials, 20-30 each.
- In shady flower beds along with ground cover perennials.
- In flowerbeds and borders with annuals.
- In the alpine hills decorated with pebbles, gravel or pebbles.
on a note
- Tulips and hyacinths are best dug up every year.
- Grouse imperial grows in one place 2-3 years.
- Crocuses and lilies bloom well 3-4 years without a transplant.
- Muscari - 4−5 years.
- Daffodils can be left up to 6 years.
- Snowdrops can be grown in one place for up to 10 years without digging.
Planting methods for bulbous flowers
When planting, put bulbous plants in the hole with the sharp end up and the bottom down.
- Use a garden scoop to make a planting hole with a diameter of 40-50 cm or slightly less - depending on the number of flower bulbs that you walk
- plant on one site.
- Loosen the bottom of the hole a little.
- Place the flower bulbs in the hole at a distance of 5-8 cm from each other, which roughly corresponds to the two diameters of the bulb. (Large bulbs require more space than small bulbs.)
- After planting, sprinkle the holes with a layer of soil (10 cm). Then gently compact the soil with your hands.
- Bulbs are usually not watered; they have enough moisture from the soil.
Planting depth depends on soil characteristics. The heavier the soil, the shallower the depth, and the bulbs are planted deeper in the light sandy soil.
Climbing method (multilayer landing)
The "climbing" method is used to ensure that earlier varieties of bulbs are replaced by later ones. Thus, flowering will not stop for a long time, and you can enjoy the blooming garden much longer. Bulbs are planted in layers, one above the other, as a rule, creating three "floors". The lowest are spring blooming spring bulbs, such as tulips, daffodils and hyacinths, and above them are plants that bloom at an earlier date: muscari or crocuses. The method is also often used for planting bulbs in containers.
For planting bulbs it is convenient to use a special device - a Gardena planter. The tool is very easy to use and makes planting quick and easy, it helps to dig small pits of a certain depth exactly to the size of the bulb in the desired area. Insert the planter into the ground to the desired depth. She will capture the soil, forming a neat hole. Place the onion in the hole, and then sprinkle it with soil, expanding the handle of the tool. The tool is very durable and will last for many years.
We remove dahlias for the winter
- Wash the tubers and keep them in a cool place for 5-6 days so that they cork. Divide the dahlias into parts and sign with the marker the varieties on each dividend.
- Take paraffin (you can buy it in a pharmacy or use candles made of paraffin) and melt in a water bath or in a microwave. Be very careful, as paraffin is flammable!
- In paraffin preheated to 70–80 degrees, dip one part of the delenka first, then turn over and lower the second. Put everything in a cardboard box and store in a cool place so that the tubers do not germinate.
- When the first leaves turn black, dahlia tubers need to be dug up, cutting off the top and leaving a trunk 10-15 cm long.
- Then put the tubers in boxes with peat, lay and cover with the root of the neck. Make sure that the room temperature is plus 2-6 degrees and maintain high humidity. For such purposes, a basement is better suited.
If you want to know the age of the gladiolus corm, look at the size of the donut: the smaller it is, the younger the plant. You can plant gladioli in one place for 3-4 years.
The second life of gladioli
Preparation and storage of corms
- Wait until the gladioli bloom, and from the end of September to the beginning of October, select a dry, sunny day to collect corms.
- Dig gladioli with a spatula or pitchfork and shake off the ground.
- Cut the stems, leaving a small shoot 1-2 cm long.
- Fold the gladioli in boxes or baskets in a row and dry indoors at room temperature for 4-5 weeks. Occasionally, corms can be ted.
- Clean the gladioli from old corms and children, cut the roots a bit (for miniature tubers, the roots can be cut in the spring before planting). Do not rush to remove dry flakes, peeling the bulb to the colored body, especially for young corms.
- Fold their bulbous plants in gauze bags and store at 4-6 degrees in places with good ventilation.
See also: climbing plants