Test "Draw a house." How to understand a child with a picture
There are problems that are difficult to understand and formulate even for an adult. And the children are not at all able to analyze their experiences. When words are not enough, drawings come to the rescue! We tell how the image of the house will help to understand your baby
Test "House, tree, man"
The test "House, tree, man" was invented by psychologist John Buck in 1948 and is still used. It's simple: the subject needs to draw the three figures mentioned in the name, after which the psychologist will be able to assess his emotional state, having studied the resulting triptych.
To conduct a study in accordance with all the rules, you will need special training and a manual on 350 pages, but we will not be so strict. The fact is that all the figures stated in the title are intended to show the same thing - the author’s inner world, and tripling simply avoids any misunderstandings: characteristic features are repeated in each picture. Therefore, let your child draw only a house, and in order to identify randomness and patterns, ask him about the strangest details of the resulting picture. The test is suitable for children over 3 years.
- Prepare a sheet of paper and colored pencils.
- Sound the task: “Please draw a house. And try to do it as best as possible. ”
- Watch the child draw.
- When the masterpiece is ready, conduct a short interview with the creator: “Who lives in this house?”, “Is this a happy house?” etc.
Perhaps a normal house for you is a panel twenty-story building or a bungalow with a pool, but psychologists consider a primitive structure with a pair of windows, a door, a pointed top and a pipe to be the right one. But the absence in the picture of all these details, the unpainted base of the house, the unpainted roof, construction miscalculations (the windows are triangular, the door is small, or there isn’t one or the other) - they say that the artist has certain psychological problems. When deciphering the picture, do not forget to make a discount on the age of the child. So, for example, a pipe sticking out of the roof at an angle suggesting a drunken stove does not mean that the baby unconsciously seeks to burn. This is a normal detail of a child’s drawing.
The higher and more original it is, the richer the children's imagination. But the flat and poorly traced roof suggests that it is time for you to do intellectual exercises with your baby. Does he spend too much time in front of the TV?
This is a symbol of warmth. If it is not in the picture at all, it means that you are too strict with the child and he obviously lacks a banal parental affection. A pipe the size of the bell tower of Ivan the Great and the thick smoke that fills from it suggests that too passionate passions are boiling in the child’s soul and he cannot cope with them on his own. Perhaps you overload the baby with "adult" information, which he is not yet able to "process" correctly.
This detail of the picture demonstrates the readiness of your child for communication. If it is in the center of the house and hospitably open, there is nothing to worry about. But the small side door (sometimes also with a lock hanging on it) reports excessive closure. 10 rules for communicating with an introvert child.
Almost a mirror of the soul. If they are not at all or they are curtained (closed by shutters, clogged with boards) - this means that the baby mostly lives in his inner world. Disproportionately high windows will be drawn by a small dreamer, who is more comfortable to hover in the clouds than to walk on the ground.
Mysteries of the Pyramids
The size of the picture and its location also matter. Psychologists are here, as always, for the middle ground: a neat, not large and not small structure around the middle of the sheet tells us about the adequacy of the author’s self-esteem. A cramped, rickety hut is a sign of being too critical of yourself. Read how to raise a child confident. Scattered houses instead of the whole building indicate the desire of the child to distance himself from someone close to him.
Usually, children begin to "build" a house from the roof or base, and then draw details. But insecure kids, on the contrary, first proceed to small objects, and then hardly connect them together.
If the architect decided to color his creation, it is worth paying attention to the chosen color. Monochromaticity means that the painter is afraid of emotions (well, or you are short of pencils), and a restless nature will draw a “rainbow on the walls”. Most children, according to statistics, create houses with a green roof and brown walls - this is the color scheme that is considered the norm. Black paint indicates shyness, red - means increased vulnerability and the need for care. But the yellow house in this test is considered an expression of hostility towards the outside world.
In addition to the house itself, additional details may appear in the picture, and specialists also have something to say about them. Bushes, paths and a courtyard surrounded by a fence? The child wants to isolate himself from some source of anxiety! But the sun in heaven is good. Most likely it is you.